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Metro Manila (CNN Philippines) — Republic Act , or The Law on Secrecy of Bank Deposits, is an act prohibiting the disclosure of or inquiry. While Section 2 of Republic Act (RA) , also known as the Secrecy of Bank Deposits Act, declares bank deposits to be “absolutely. Tag: RA Philippine Bank Secrecy law Cases. GSIS vs. CA (GR: ). Republic Act No. provides for four (4) exceptions when records of deposits .

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The bank-secrecy law

The AMLC can examine bank accounts, WITHOUT a court order, where there is probable cause that the deposits are related to certain crimes such as kidnapping for ransom, violation of the Dangerous Drugs Act, hijacking, destructive arson, murder and violations of RA acts inimical to civil aviation. It is truly a balancing act for Philippine banks to ensure bank secrecy is fully complied with and, at the same time, commit to full adherence to other laws and regulations.

How about dollar deposits? Some of the laws that have impliedly added exceptions to the bank-secrecy laws have been confirmed by Supreme Court SC decisions.

Font Size A A A. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the Government to give encouragement to the people to deposit their money in banking institutions lw to discourage private hoarding so that the same may be properly utilized by banks in authorized loans to assist in the economic development of the country.

Click Frequently Asked Questions Or contact: By the terms of R.

Corporate Social Responsibility Statement. The filing of Informations against private respondents was recommended for alleged violation of Republic Act No. However, as the appellate court correctly found, the humiliation and embarrassment that petitioner Bangayan suffered in the business community was not brought about by the alleged violation of the Bank Secrecy Act; it was due to the smuggling charges filed by the Bureau of Customs which found their way in the headlines of newspapers.

A general law does not nullify a specific or special law. We, thus, hold that petitioner is not bound by the said provision.


This law was enacted to encourage individuals to deposit their money in banks instead of hoarding them. Although there is no prescribed form for a waiver, it is necessary that the waiver be made voluntarily, knowingly babk with sufficient awareness of relevant circumstances and consequences.

As you can see, although there are many exceptions, securing such exceptions is not an easy task.

Philippine Bank Secrecy Law Simplified | Nicolas & De Vega Law Offices

This law prohibits any person, subject to the exceptions below, from disclosing to any person any information, relative to the funds or properties belonging to the depositors in the custody of the bank. Luisita Revisited — A year on under the Lorenzo Group has…. For example, unexplained wealth is considered as similar to bribery and plunder under RA International Conference on Financial Inclusion.

Any person violating this law may be imprisoned for not more than five 5 years, or meted a fine not exceeding P20, However, nothing in respondent Sarias Affidavit before the BOC showed that details of petitioner Bangayans bank accounts with respondent bank was disclosed. Where do we go from here?

Bank secrecy or transparency? | BusinessWorld

On this score alone, the objection posed by respondent in her motion to suppress should have indeed put an end to the controversy at the very first instance it was raised before the trial lw. Resort to the Court, referred the matter to the CA which then held that the disclosure was proper and falls under the exception under R. For more information, please refer to our privacy policy. Generalia specialibus non derogant. If the money deposited under an account may be used by banks secrrecy authorized loans to third persons, then such account, regardless of whether it creates a creditor-debtor relationship between the depositor and the bank, falls under the category of accounts which the law precisely seeks to protect for the purpose of boosting the economic development of the country.

The Philippines is now investment-grade and we need to continue to have investment inflows. On the other hand, Republic Bannk No. These are under any of the following instances:.


Banks must continuously enhance monitoring banj to detect unusual transactions and have an effective compliance system. If at all, respondent Saria merely discussed his functions as an account officer in respondent bank and identified petitioner as the one who had guaranteed the payment or obligations of the importers under the Surety Agreement. Respondent opposed and meanwhile, prosecution was able to present in court the testimony of one Security Bank representative.

Post was not sent – check your email addresses! These two laws both support the confidentiality of bank deposits. PDIC is a government instrumentality created in by virtue of Republic Actas amended, to insure the deposits of all banks.

CA affirmed the dismissal ruling that the case was not one where the money deposited is the subject gank of the litigation. CA reversed and set aside the order. Failing to adduce further evidence in the instant Petition with respect to the banks purported disclosure of confidential information as regards his accounts, petitioner cannot be awarded any serecy arising from an unsubstantiated and unproved violation of the Bank Secrecy Act.

Funa was appointed by President Rodrigo R.

Bank secrecy or transparency?

This will be discussed in a separate article. Suppose secrcey you only have P1, in your bank account. With respect to foreign-currency deposits, note that its confidentiality is more strictly upheld by lesser exceptions.

Some of the documents pertained to the dollar deposits of petitioners. The Foreign Currency Deposit Act RA and the General Banking Act RA also prohibit bank directors, officers, employees and agents to disclose any information on funds in the custody of bank to any unauthorized person.

Welcome to our website! A real public servant to watch. Funa is the current Insurance Commissioner. The action to assail the disclosure of herein private respondents for them to be liable for violating RA had already prescribed.

To so claim may even amount to judicial legislation.