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Home HISTORY THE NGONI MIGRATION (O LEVEL) EFFECTS OF NGONI They caused wide spread loss of lives leading to depopulation in some areas. The Ngoni migration was primarily caused by Shaka’s expansionist wars. He had embarked on an a vigorous policy of expanding his empire at the expense of. Explain the causes of the Ngoni migration. Reasons for the Ngoni migration. The Ngoni migrated due to the tyrannical and dictatorial rule of.

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Ngoni Migration / The Coming of the Ngoni ~ wanazuoni Wetu

In the boys’ hut they are trained in the Ngoni traditions. Answer Questions Is 5g wifi really as harmful as some are saying? Zwangendaba Ngoni Fighting Methods. Each time the Ngoni were pushed further and further north. Their movement led to widespread devastation, depopulation and displacement of people. What were the effects of the Ngoni settlement on the people of East Africa.

They developed better weapons.

Causes of ngoni migration?

Assegai, cowhides and shields. They would force the captured men from other tribes to join them and became Ngoni warriors. At this time they were copper and brass.

The Ngoni settled around Fipa because the soils were fertile and the people were easy to conquer. What we know is from the diaries of missionaries and travellers from Europe, and from the stories passed down from generation to generation. He force other tribes to pay him tributes in exchange for protection. S ome Ngoni people owned large herds of cattle and northwards looking for pasture and water for their animals. The Ngoni Migration into East Africa – From Songea, this Gwangara group raided the land between Lake Malawi and the coast, creating a period of instability, uncertainty and chaos.


Zwangendaba was one of the defeated leaders. The Ngoni migrated due to the tyrannical and dictatorial rule of Shaka, the Zulu ruler who was everything in his kingdom. They finally settled at Kahama South of Lke Victoria. The settled Fipa communities were for example destroyed and devastated.

They are currently settled in South West Tanzania around Songea town. They met small and fragmented societies, which were unable to challenge their military organisation. Posted by MutufuGlobal at It was because of influence of men like Zwangendaba, Maputo and Zulugama who provided good leadership.

They migrated into two largest groups of the Maseko and Tuta Ngoni. This led to food shortages. There was spread of Ngoni customs and culture for example initiation ceremonies where girls were taught sex educations and circumcision.

They used the cow horn method of surrounding an enemy and attacking from all sides giving the enemy little chance to escape. They moved because of external pressure from the British and Boers in the South who were moving Northwards occupying their land. Explain the reasons why they migrated.

They were pushed further north and eventually reached southern Tanzania. Their migration may have also been a result of the influence of good leaders like Zwangendaba who did not want his people to be subjugated by Shaka. It is now difficult to know who is Ngoni and who is not.


It is now difficult to know who is Ngoni and who cauuses not. But he spent the rest ngni his life fighting other tribes for survival. From the Ngoni invasion, people learnt how to get organized from smaller disorganized societies, to well organized bigger political systems. For example, the Yao lost their lands to the Ngoni and were forced to settle in unfavorable areas. The defeated Maseko split into two groups.

Two groups remained in East Africa,i. Which two greatman in south african history were responsible for what was known as “mfecane” in the 18thC. What were the effects of the Ngoni settlement on the people of East Africa.

The Zulus became rich and defeated many other tribes.

It also led to massive loss of lives. Other leaders included Chief Maputo and Zulu Gama. According to these “Hearing Tales” the Ngoni believe that the tribe is related to the Zulu.

The Tuta Ngoni on their movement northwards, disrupted the trade particularly between Tabora and Ujiji.